According to Greek mythology the first Olympics where founded by Heracles the son of Zeus. The Greeks idealized physical fitness and mental discipline and that when you achieved excellence in these areas you honored Zeus. It is said that Zeus once fought his father for control of the world and when he defeated him a temple and a statue was built in the valley below.
This valley was called Olympia and religious festivals where held there in honor of Zeus, which eventually became the Olympics. The earliest record of the Olympics was in 776 B.C. This Olympic game only had one event a 192 meter run and Coroebus won that race, which created the Olympics that are held every four years. They were originally meant to keep history records for the Greeks. Over the years many games have been added to the Olympics and more still to come with the evolution of sports.
Just like the Olympics were having things added to it so was Olympia to accommodate the growing numbers of sports and athletes. The Olympics are where the famous chariot races had come from. Back in 396 B.C. only free men and boys could take part in the Olympics and women were not even allowed to watch the Olympics the penalty was death if they did. At first the Olympics were for Greek citizens but eventually other Roman cities were allowed to participate. The winners of these games were given wreaths and other material things and sometimes had holes for just them to pass through in their city walls. The Olympians today are given a gold, silver, or bronze medal for their participation and winnings. The games did decline and were not practiced or held again until 1890.
A French man named Coubertin started the revival of the games and the Olympic Committee was formed. In 1896 was the first official modern Olympics happened and 14 nations were in attendance. These nations were reported by the Committee and are as follows Australia, Austria, Bulgaria, Chile, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States. These nations were in the very first modern Olympics and are very proud they were.